Bought a Litle Camper This Morning

I was on my way to work the other day and I saw this guy putting a for sale out out on a camper. It was about 12 years old and it had been kept under a big carport. The guy wanted to get a bigger vehicle and he was looking to move this thing. It had satellite dish hooked up to it and if you click here you can see how it makes a lot of sense for me to switch from cable TV to a satellite system. It is obvious if you are going to be using that Camper at least. You can use the direct TV any place you want. At least it is going to come up just about any place that you are going to be able to drive that camper trailer. Continue reading

Looking at This Place on the Motor Way

So we are looking at the options and thinking about what sort of deal we are really getting. Of course the big deal is going to be figuring out which one of the franchises in the UK are going to give us the best chance at success in the market that we are looking to get in to. You are going to trying to get in to business with some people who are going to do a lot to help you get off the ground and work it out. One of the big things we want to know is about the people in the business are honest and competent well. It is not like you can run any sort of business if you do not have the right people in place. Continue reading

Trying to Design a Web Page

If you want to see a really poor web page, then you can click here. I have been messing around a bit and that is where I am right now. It is not that web page, but it is the same sort of thing. There is a framework with nothing on it I guess you could say. The truth is that you do not really have to know a ton to be able to design a simple web page. I do not know much, but I was not trying to invent the wheel. The idea is pretty simple. You can do a good bit by simply knowing how to use templates. It is like buying the furniture sets that are made out of particle board I suppose. You get the pieces of wood and the fasteners and the instructions. Continue reading

Let’s Just Say No to Fear

Security. It’s something that we Americans have become intimately familiar with since 2001. We could make a good argument that we have been living in a state of fear since 9/11. I am not ashamed to admit that many of my own decisions in regards to security have been prompted because of the fear that I have been exposed to. When I made my first real estate purchase, my first home, I was quick to have ADT Security installed. I understand now that I was afraid of even my own neighbors, a pretty illogical fear by itself. Why should I fear them?

It’s not that crime doesn’t exist but in my entire life I have never actually been exposed to it. I’ve never been mugged. I’ve ever been robbed. Nothing like that has ever happened to me so why should I fear something that is completely unknown to me? It’s because we live in a culture of fear and this week has proven it beyond a shadow of a doubt that we are terrified of the world around us. Continue reading

Tool for Great Selfie Taking

I am going to have to find a good tool for taking better selfies, because they are so popular right now, I am trying to make my Instagram account more popular than it is at the moment I am pretty excited about the thought of being able to take great selfies, mostly because it should be able to help to make my account more popular, and that is exactly what I want to happen. I am going to look into simplyselfies.com which is a site that sells this device that helps you to take selfies from a greater distance away from your body than is possible by just holding your phone at the length of your arm away from your body.

That is good because in a lot of cases, holding a phone at arm’s distance is not enough to really capture the background you are trying for. I am excited about this device, but one thing I am concerned about, is if it will have some sort of remote that lets you take the picture without having to physically touch your phone.

Of course, if I am holding this device out at arm’s length, and then it extended my reach by a couple of feet, there is no way that I would be able to actually touch the phone in such a situation. so I would need another thing to control the phone and make it take pictures at the right time. That does not really sound like a complicated problem, so hopefully it will not be a big deal to make it happen. I guess I will have to wait and find out though, because I am really not sure. I am going to look at the specifications though and try to figure out what it says about that.

Laser Treatment Processes in Korea

So you may have heard all sorts of crazy things about cosmetic surgery in Korea. Well that is very rare, but there are some great treatments and other cosmetic proccesses that are available in Korea. One of the best and well know places is the Gangnam Laser Clinic, and you can view their website at http://gangnamlaser.com to find out all of the things that they can do. This article is going to let you know about some of their more common and well known things that they are able to do to improve your look.

One of the big things that the Gangnam Laser Clinic has to offer is the V-line, V-shaped, V-face procedure. They do this with non surgical facial contouring so that there are no nasty scars or a whole bunch of recovery time involved. This makes it look like you have lost weight and gives your face a much better features. Another big thing that the Gangnam Laser Clinic does is skin work. Continue reading

The Flavor is Unique and Rich

My twin sister and I always have such a good time on our birthday. We actually call it a birthday week celebration, because we feel one day is just not long enough to celebrate. We usually keep it low key, but we do spend the entire week together. We try to outdo each other on gifts, but it was our big brother who actually got us the best gift last year. He came over for dinner on the third evening of our birthday celebration, and he brought a bag of kopi luwak with him.

Neither my sister nor myself had ever heard of it, and we were really surprised when he told us how much it cost.

I Am Getting a Good Start on the Site

facebook lego like Der erste Facebook BHToday I am working on the Internet marketing of the new site and working on the various ways in which I am going to try to get people to the site. The thing I am most confused about is the way to work on Social media marketing, because it seems that I should be able to get the top facebook fans for cheap if I am smart about where I go to get them. It is a difficult task in fact, because you need to know a bit about some stuff that no one really seems to understand and you have to go up against a lot of really smart guys who work for the search engines and who get to change the rules on you any time that you get too good at the game.

Great Apartments at Cypress Lake

For a couple of weeks, I have been looking into new apartments. I am currently living in a two bedroom apartment, and the complex is pretty nice, but the living situations are untenable. I am living with a roommate who might be my worst enemy, and I can’t stand the situation. I am looking at, http://www.cypresslake-apartments.net, right now, because it is the official website for a nearby apartment complex. I know a couple of people who live there, and from the looks of things, it seems to be a pretty nice place to live. Even better, is the fact that it is closer to my place of work than where I am currently living. I am glad that the issues that I am having with my currently roommate, did not really pop up until recently. If it had happened earlier in out time together, then I would have been forced to have tried to find someone to sub-lease my room from me. That is because I could not have stood to be around this person for such a long period. Continue reading

Proving the Wires Are Still Good

I knew that we were going to be having a nice time when we were going to be redoing our new house. All of the people that we were talking to at the home improvement store told me that we were going to have to have a brisbane electrical company go through the electrical first as it was going to be a lot of work before we did anything else. The house we bought was over one hundred years old and a lot of the electrical work had not been upgraded so we did not know what the integrity of the wires looked like underneath the sheet rock. There were also quite a few rooms that still had the old plaster that did not have the sheet rock upgrade yet, so this was not going to be a problem in those rooms, especially.

Encouraging Your Workers to Do Well

I did not want my daughter to go into the sidecar of one of the managers on my team while he was baby sitting for me so I told him to please just take her out in his car with his daughter if they were going to go anywhere. I told him that I trusted that he would make the right decision for me and my daughter and that I was going to thank him when I got back as he was going to keep her safe and not have an incident where I would have to be called home from work for the big weekend meeting that I had planned.

We Needed Help with Property Division

Martha Farmer Copeland, AttorneyWhen my ex and I decided to get a divorce, I knew that it was going to be pretty nasty. We don’t have kids, but we do have a lot of property. He was willing to let me keep the house, but he wanted to keep all of the other properties. We have 15 rental properties, and it was our only source of income. His argument was that he had invested the initial amount of money, so he deserved all of it. I got him to agree to use family lawyers on the gold coast to mediate our case.

Neither one of us have a lot of extra money, and I knew that what little we did have would be given to lawyers if this went to court. He realized this too, and we agreed to let mediators handle it. This was an easy enough decision because of the types of people who handle the mediation.

Restoration Was Covered by Insurance

I knew that there were a lot of people that were suffering because of all of the heavy flooding as the rivers were a lot higher than they should be. I knew that we were going to be flooded as we had been in the past but I had no idea that it was going to be as bad as it was. My friends said that their houses were also pretty bad and that was not a good thing. The los angeles water damage was so bad that it set new records for the damage that was done to a lot of the different homes and businesses that came in front of the river. The river pushed the banks to the limits and then the rocks along the edge of the river started to cave in and then eventually all of the walls that held the river back were gone. The water flowed over the rocks like it was a natural occurrence.

I wanted to make sure that I could make a difference to help others. Continue reading

Saving Money Doing a Private Sale

We were interested in doing a private sale of the building we owned where we had our business for years. However, I did not want for us to do it all alone. I wanted the ability to have it listed on websites, and to have a professional sign put up. However, I wanted those interested in buying the building to call me. Now, there is a caveat even to the calling me part.

A friend sold his house through a private sale. He was inundated with phone calls all hours of the day and night. Some people work third shift and were very interested. He would get calls in the middle of the night with an apology for calling so late. Continue reading

Building Muscle with a Little Help

Building muscle is the main goal of many people going to gyms these days and often they start looking to supplements to aid them in gaining more muscle quicker. muscle zx90 is a supplies that many are turning to and the reports are that this supplies is not only excellent at adding great muscle mass it is also fast in doing it’s job. As well as aiding in muscle growth muscle zx90 also boosts your energy so you will start to feel it’s effect right away when you get down to your workout routine.That energy will also give you a boost in getting more out of your workout than ever before.

When it comes to supplements there is often a problem with how someone perceives his or her body and their workout.

I Look Much Better Now

Pure Green Coffee Bean Extract with Svetol 50 Chlorogenic Acid 800mg ...No one could ever accuse me of having extra weight on my body. I took very good care of myself, and I made sure I stuck to my gym routine as much as I possibly could. I mixed up lifting weights and cardio exercises, and I looked pretty good because of it. I didn’t look great though, and I knew that it was because I was not all that muscular. I asked my trainer for some suggestions, and he told me to look into turbo force. It would help my body to form the muscles that I saw on others but not myself.

I had a lot of questions about this supplement, and he was able to answer all of them since he takes it himself. I was happy to know that it is a natural product with no fillers or additives. I wanted to get my body in the best shape possible, so that meant I had to watch what I put in it in the first place.

Best Online Sites for Bingo

I really like to play bingo online, but I have not done so in a few years. I think that the site that I used to use must have been shut down at some point in the last couple of years. I tried to find it, but my efforts were to no avail. As such, I guess that I will have to find somewhere else to play bingo. Right now, I am looking into a bingolicious.com review to try to figure out if bingolicious is going to be a good site for me to play bingo on.

I want to find a site that has a lot of available bingo games, so that I can play whenever I want, and I do not have to sit around waiting for a scheduled game to start. I feel like that would get annoying, and it might discourage me from playing. As such, the more options with regards to playing games, the better I will feel about signing up for that site. I also want to make sure that I find a site where it will be easy to cash out any winnings that I receive. I have had some problems with that in the past, and it can be a frustrating problem to deal with. As such, I am going to have to read through any potential site’s policies, before deciding if I am going to use them for my bingo needs. Surprisingly, I have not played bingo in over a year, even though it is probably one of my favorite games in the entire world. I think that is largely because I have just been pretty busy, but I will not continue to not play the game. Rather, I would like to get in a couple games today, if that is possible.

Just Getting Set Up Here Now

Tanjong Pagar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaI have been having a good time here in Singapore so far, think that someone must really like me. I got here and there was a very attractive young lady waiting for me at the airport. She told me that the usual driver was out sick or something, so they had sent her to show me around. She took me to look at a number of places where we are thinking about renting office space, starting with the tanjong pagar centre. I was trying not to flirt with her, but I could not really help myself and then I found out that she was the daughter of the guy I was supposed to be meeting. Of course she never told me this until long after I had hit on her.

Great Space for Less Money

There are a lot of people that are looking for the best deal on rent. Rent can be very expensive and if people do not find the right front for their business then it can make a big difference between them making and losing money. My friends tp180 did not want to pay a lot of money for the rent so what they did was they went and searched for the best deal so they could find a good business area for them to be able to still make a lot of money by people walking by their store tp180. At this wonderful or your friend today will be able to attract high and customers that are going to be shopping in the local area high end stores like at coach, Gucci, and Prada.

A Trip to Las Vegas and Having a New View Point on Life

I went to a trip to Las Vegas not too long ago and it was a blast. While it is really hot, I didn’t feel it too much since I was not out much in the sun since I was inside the many casinos that had the air conditioning blasting. Talk about being in a cool place!

While there I saw a man that did las vegas personal training advice. He told people that they should have a more positive attitude in life and that will bring positive vibes in our life. He also mentioned that the more you believe something will happen the more it will. I thought he was a little hokey but I thought maybe he had some sort of truth in what he said.

Luxury Villa Living in a Cluster Community

Top 10 Most Expensive Houses in the World | Most Expensive of Thingsbelgravia villas are an interesting building project that appeals to people who are interested in a luxury second or primary home. They are built keeping in mind the desire new homeowners want in modern conveniences. There are two varieties to choose from. Both are three stories in height, and all include an elevator. The floor plans include a semi-detached design, and a corner terrace design. The villas look like a fine art sculpture built for a modern landscape.

We liked the unit that has the leisure pool right outside the front door. There are three more swimming pools right in this cluster of villas.

Best Methods for Bird Proofing a Garden

Moroso 62602 - Transmission Mount | O'Reilly Auto PartsI have a small garden that I have been growing in my back yard for a number of years now. However, recently I have had some problems with pests getting into my garden, and eating some of my crop. It is really a bothersome problem that I hope to be able to take care of in the near future. I am trying to expand my garden this year, to have even more types of crops, and to take up more land than it has in previous years. I am looking into techniques for bird proofing right now so that I will be prepared to keep birds from getting into my garden this year. I really want to keep the birds out to the largest degree that I possibly can.

I have other problems with pests too that I would like to address this year as well.

Great Office Space for a New Business

I started a business about a year ago, and we have been growing slowly, but steadily since then. However, we have not had a formal place of business, but have rather met at various locations and collaborated on our work using the internet and various software. I think it is time for the business to get a more professional look, and actually get an office space to work in. As such, I am currently looking at woodlands office space as a possible solution.

I need to figure out how much these office spaces are going to cost to rent on a long term basis. I really want to establish a permanent location for our business. I was on their website and noticed that they offered virtual office spaces too, but that is not something I am looking for, as we already have a good telecommunications set up within the business. Continue reading

Buying Myself a New Home

I have been seriously pondering about buying a new home the past few weeks. I have finally saved up enough money to avoid having to get myself a mortgage which is something I felt to be important if I were going to buy a new home. I feel like mortgages only cause more problems than not because they make the assumption you will be stable through the period you have the mortgage! Browsing the web I came across an ad for siesta key homes for sale. I love Siesta Key and decided that those were going to be the best bet if I wanted to buy a house. Continue reading

Which Site is the Best One?

I was looking online at all of the different sites there are to use coupons to save money either by buying something online or by using printed ones at the store. I usually went to the store to buy clothing as I could only find coupons in store circulars but now that we have the internet, using coupons is so much easier. I am also using a ton of coupons online, leaving me able to shop online and I like doing so from the comfort of my bedroom. I like going to http://firefinance.blogspot.com/2007/02/office-max-coupon-codes-30-off.html to get great office max coupon codes that save me money. Continue reading

Making a Trip to the Dentist a Pleasant Experience

When many of us think about going to the dentist it often conjures up images of medieval torture chambers and other likely horror story images. We know better, but that doesn’t change the fact that a trip to the dentist can be a daunting experience, especially if you are going to have certain work done such as a root canal. Often times the dentist appointment is arranged weeks in advance which gives us even more time to be anxious about the visit. In cases such as root canals find a specialist such as Jason Duggan at http://endoaustin.com.

Finding a dentist you are comfortable with is the key. When there is a comfort level between dentist and patient it always makes the experience go a lot easier. A good dentist will tell you you will need a root canal but a great dentist will explain the procedure completely and ease any concerns you might have. It’s not uncommon to be scared of the dentist as none of us likes any kind of mouth pain.

Baskets to Organize the Toys

My kids insist on playing with their toys in my living room. I really have tried over and over to get them to keep their toys in their rooms or in the play room. It has not worked out all that well. Because of this, I have decided to get some woven baskets and some nice shelving units to keep their toys in. I thought that if I could find a nice looking way to organize their toys in the living room that it might not be so bad that they play with toys in the living room.

I shopped around the local stores to see if I could find some nice baskets that are durable enough to put up with the abuse of the kids as they put their toys in and out of them. I found the shelving unit right away.

Here Comes the Tax Man

It’s quickly approaching that time of the year again. The time some of us will leap with joy for. Some of us dread it, like an overwhelming shadow that hovers over our wallets, our banks and our savings. Oh yes. It’s tax time. For many of us we’ll march out to our local tax service office and either walk out with a smile or walk out with our wallets a little bit lighter. I usually do my own taxes and I use quicken 2013 for just that! I have always found Quicken to be one of the best pieces of tax software out there because it does far more than just your taxes. It can give you a personalized insight into your finances and how they work. It can offer quarterly and yearly projections for multiple years, a decade or more even if you like.

I Took the Promotion and Am Now Happy

wanting a more even skin tone free of dark spots freckles and other ...For years, I have worked in the same position in the company that I work for. I have been offered a new position in the company a few times before, but I would pass it up each time. I was not confident or comfortable enough with myself to take on any kind of leadership role in the company. That has all changed in recent months.

I had started using a skin whitening cream on my face and now I look and feel great. I have battled with my skin for as long as I can remember and I knew that one day I would be able to find something that would make it all better. I have seen dermatologists and other doctors to see if they would be able to recommend a product for me, but those products were either too expensive or they just did not work.

Now that I have found the product that works, I have been using it religiously. I never miss a treatment and it has produced great results.

Can I Really Use Twitter for Marketing Purposes?

I started my own website a few months ago. I was quite excited to start this venture, but it was not having the success that I thought it would. I knew I had to find a better way to get my name out there. A good friend told me to start marketing on Twitter. I thought she was crazy, but I did some research and found out that marketing on social media sites was quite popular and could really help me. I also found out that I could buy twitter followers. Who would have ever guessed that? I knew the more followers I had, the better it would make me look and I was all about looking good.

I looked online for ways to buy followers. I found some relaly helpful information.

Qualities That Separate a Leader from a Follower

SUPERIOR AFRICAN MANGO-2400MG X 90 CAPSULES-WEIGHT LOSS-DIET-SLIMMING ...There are a lot of products that are on the market today that promise to help individuals who take them lose weight. However, not all of the products do what they promised to do. This though, does not mean that every single time you read a report about a particular product being a scam that you should believe it. Something that you have to remember is that weight loss is a multibillion dollar industry. Competition in this industry is stiff. People are willing to lie about the competition in order to gain an edge. The african mango scam report is a good example of this.

The best way for any individual to know the truth about the product that they are thinking about taking, or about a product that they are thinking about endorsing is taking the time to research the product thoroughly. In some instances, this might require an individual to actually take the product themselves for a short amount of time in order to accurately gauge its results. This, really separates leaders from followers.

A leader, is an individual who is going to not be afraid to pioneer something. They are going to look at a situation logically, and they are going to in an analytical way examine the pros and cons of proceeding in a certain course of action. Once they have made their decision, they follow through on that decision. And then, a leader is the type of individual who has no problem accepting either the criticism for his failure, or the rewards for his good judgment.

Finally, a leader is the type of individual who does not lose his confidence when something goes wrong. A leader understands that throughout the course of making decisions, mistakes happen. However, because they learn from their mistakes a good leader is able to guarantee that the vastly majority of the decisions that he makes are going to be positive.

There is Help for Drug Addiction

Life is hard and we all need to let off steam and get rid of stress that builds up. Often times this is by enjoying hobbies, learning new things or just relaxing. Some people, unfortunately, turn to drugs. Drugs offer an escape from reality like no other and many of these drugs such as heroin, crystal meth and cocaine become more addictive with each use. There are many functional drug addicts that continue to do their jobs and take care of families but eventually all addicts hit bottom and the only real help is a reputable drug rehab.

Sometimes the drug abuse can be attributed to heredity causes while at other times the addiction is a product of the environment they addict grew up in. Most times addicts have just hit a hard time in life and found drugs to be a good escape, thinking that they can drop the habit anytime they want. Unfortunately, drugs can alter the chemical make up of the brain making it nearly impossible or downright deadly to quit on your own accord. Even when the addict knows they need help the drugs themselves keep pulling them back down.

Recognizing a drug problem is the first step to recovery but realizing that you can’t do it alone takes courage and conviction to carry on. Using a qualified drug rehab center is the best way to go. These centers are staffed by doctors and psychologist that can not only treat the disease but treat the underlying problems that brought you into the addiction in the first place. They can get you off of drugs safely in a hospital setting where if anything should go wrong they are ready for it. Another great aspect of using a drug rehab facility is the fact you will be among others who understand what you are going through and in most cases there are staff and doctors helping that are recovering addicts as well.

Qualities and Traits That Exemplify a Good Leader

There are certain individuals, are naturally born to be leaders. There is just something in the way that they are, in their personality, and how they speak that makes it so that other people just want to follow them. Then there are other individuals who have had to, over time learn, how to develop leadership qualities. Both of these types of individuals can become effective leaders if they understand how to harness their skills and use them in the right way. Leadership is important in any business. It does not matter if you are producing netting products or rocket ships, having a set chain of command, and having individuals who take the lead is going to make all the difference between success and failure.

While, there is no set list of things that makes a person a good leader, there are certain traits that a good leader does have. The first good trait that a good leader has is that, they lead. Usually they lead by example that they set. So if in a business, you want your employees to be hard workers, then as a good leader you are also going to be a hard worker. If you want your employees to show up on time, then as a good leader you are always going to be there first so that your employees can follow your example.

Another good trait that a leader has is that they are ready to accept responsibility. They are willing to accept responsibility for the mistakes that they make, and deal with the consequences. Also, when a decision needs to be made, because they are leaders they are ready and willing to make the decision, even if the decision is a difficult one to make. They clearly understand their role, and because of their presence they encourage others to follow them.

A Kettlebell Workout Routine Was Just What Was Needed

I never had kettlebells before so I was looking for the best kettlebell workout. I have a limited amount of space at home to do weight training. A set of kettlebells does not take up as much space as a standard set of weights does. A big barbell was too much for the small workout space I have. I wanted a good workout, but nothing that was extreme. I wanted to be able to tailor it to my needs rather than working for somebody else’s idea of the perfect body that I was not interested in.

I wanted to gain a little muscle and lose some fat. I had made a commitment to eating better and getting regular exercise that included weight training. The weight training was to get back some of the muscle I had been losing as the years slipped by. Continue reading

A Healthy Way to Get to Work

Buying the touring bicycles that my husband and I just bought was one of the smartest investments that we have made in years. We have been taking them to work and it has really shown the employees that work at our company that we are serious about doing our part to save the environment and become a greener company.

We have been working to promote green living at work and at home and the fact that we were driving gas guzzling automobiles to work each day when we only live a few blocks from the office did not look very good. Since we bought the bikes, we have been riding them to work each day on the days that the weather allowed us to do so.

It has made quite an impact on several of the employees. Many of them have started riding bikes to work. We have provided a special bike rack for our employees so they can lock up their bikes right alongside the building.

Enjoy value-added benefits as a Queen’s IRC alumni

alumniOnce you complete your first program, you enter the ranks of Queen’s IRC alumni, which entitles you to several value-added benefits that will allow you to extend your training and give your organization lasting benefits. Here are some examples of IRC alumni aftercare:

  • If you require a refresher on some aspect of what you have learned, you are invited to return to a program that you have completed. You pay only for meals and learning materials.
  • Visit a password-protected section of the Queen’s IRC website that is dedicated to providing additional information and research findings to IR and OD/HR alumni.
  • Enjoy a subscription to the IRC monthly newsletter that features Q&A pieces with faculty and stories from alumni on how they use what they have learned from their program.
  • Many faculty members are available to answer your follow-up queries after you return to your organizations and put your learning into practice. Contact the IRC directly and we will attempt to get prompt answers to your queries.

A first for Canada

Industrial Relations at Queen’s came into existence on October 12, 1937. It was the first institution of its kind in the country, a true pioneer. In the ensuing years, Queen’s professors, researchers, students and staff have contributed more to the understanding and development of industrial relations in Canada than any other institution.

From these roots grew the Queen’s Industrial Relations Centre, an institution known as much for its active research, publications and involvement in Canadian public affairs as for its well-respected and well-attended programs and conferences.

In 1983, a School of Industrial Relations was established to offer a multidisciplinary Master of Industrial Relations degree program. Since that first class, more than 500 men and women have graduated from the Queen’s MIR program, a legacy now reflected in the boardrooms of many major Canadian organizations.

In 2003-04, the Industrial Relations Centre and the Master of Industrial Relations program were placed within the School of Policy Studies, where they continue to share a common purpose: to analyze, interpret, and teach others about the world of people at work.

Learn more about the history of Queen’s IRC and its role in people management education

Industrial Relations at Queen’s: The First Fifty Years, published in 1987 to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the study of industrial relations at Queen’s.

Biographical sketch of all Queen’s IRC Directors.

Biographical sketch of Dr. Arthur Sweetman, Director of the School of Policy Studies.

Programs by Date

View Programs by date – View Programs by name
View Programs by location – Download 2008 Program Planner

Date Program Name Location
20080511 May 11 – 16, 2008 Dispute Resolution Kingston Register*
20080521 May 21, 2008 Base Pay Essentials and Strategy Toronto Register
20080521 May 21 – 22, 2008 Compensation Clinics (Base+Incentive Pay Programs) Toronto Register
20080522 May 22, 2008 Incentive Pay Essentials and Strategy Toronto Register
20080526 May 26 – 30, 2008 Labour Arbitration Kingston Register*
20080526 May 26 – 29, 2008 Change Management Kingston Register
20080603 June 03 – 06, 2008 Building Smart Teams Toronto Register
20080610 June 10 – 12, 2008 Organizational Design Kingston Register
20080921 Sept. 21 – 26, 2008 Industrial Relations Kingston Register
20080922 Sept. 22 – 25, 2008 Building Smart Teams Kingston Register
20080923 Sept. 23 – 26, 2008 Change Management Toronto Register
20080930 Sept. 30 – Oct. 03, 2008 Dispute Resolution Regina Register
20081015 Oct. 15 – 17, 2008 Business Strategy Toronto Register
20081019 Oct. 19 – 24, 2008 Negotiation Skills Kingston Register
20081021 Oct. 21 – 24, 2008 Building Smart Teams Regina Register
20081028 Oct. 28 – 31, 2008 OD Foundations Banff Register
20081103 Nov. 03 – 07, 2008 Labour Arbitration Kingston Register
20081103 Nov. 03 – 07, 2008 Industrial Relations Halifax Register
20081109 Nov. 09 – 14, 2008 Negotiation Skills Banff Register
20081111 Nov. 11 – 13, 2008 Organizational Design Kingston Register
20081117 Nov. 17 – 19, 2008 Partnership Development Kingston Register
20081118 Nov. 18 – 21, 2008 Change Management Regina Register
20081125 Nov. 25 – 27, 2008 Organizational Learning Kingston Register

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Spotlight : The High Cost of Workplace Bullying

Those who are bullied in the workplace appear to suffer more than employees who are subjected to sexual harassment, says Queen’s School of Business Professor of Business Julian Barling.

This unexpected finding comes from a new study conducted by Drs. Barling and Sandy Hershcovis, a PhD graduate from the Queen’s School of Business who is currently on faculty at the University of Manitoba.

The researchers reviewed the results of 110 studies conducted over the past 21 years. They looked at both workplace aggression, which includes bullying, incivility and interpersonal conflict and sexual harassment. In the latter category are gender harassment, unwanted sexual attention and “quid pro quo” harassment: the extortion of sexual cooperation in return for job-related considerations.

Surprisingly, employees subjected to workplace aggression were more likely than victims of sexual harassment to leave their jobs and to have a poorer sense of well-being. The study also showed less job satisfaction and fewer satisfying relationships with their superiors among workers who were bullied.

One possible explanation for these findings is that sexual harassment victims, who now have the backing of legislation aimed at preventing and punishing those responsible, may perceive they have a stronger “voice” to respond, suggests Dr. Barling, an expert in labour relations and organizational behaviour. “Employees are more able to seek recourse by filing a complaint with management or grieving to a union, allowing a perception of personal controllability.”

Non-violent forms of workplace aggression are generally not illegal, however, and employees feel they must fend for themselves if they experience such acts. This lack of societal denunciation of aggression diminishes the employee’s ability to change, reduce, or eliminate the negative act.

Another reason workplace aggression takes a special toll on victims is its concealed and insidious nature, Dr. Barling continues. “Sexual harassment generally involves direct behaviors, such as gender-related jokes, unwanted touching, or unwanted requests for dates.”

In contrast, workplace aggression, in addition to acts such as name calling and yelling, often involves hidden acts, such as withholding resources, failing to correct false information, or ostracizing a target.  While the victim of such behaviors can perceive these acts, confirmation or validation by others may be more difficult.

Also, as sexual harassment becomes increasingly unacceptable, victims may be more likely to assign blame. Victims of workplace aggression – not normally viewed as an illegal act – may be more likely to suffer in silence, fearing they are imagining such behaviors or are responsible in some way for being targeted.

There is no intent to downplay the seriousness of sexual harassment compared to workplace aggression, the researchers say.

“What our study shows is that – due to its relative invisibility and comparative lack of a legitimate social voice – the impact of workplace aggression may be greater on employees, who must either exit the organization or endure intolerable behaviors,” says Dr. Barling.